Cervical osteochondrosis is a disease which is a degenerative and degenerative disc disorders of the cervical spine. Cervical is the movable, muscular corset of this division in relation to the others much weaker. The neck has the function of rotation and tilt of the head, so the spine in this area subject to deformation, destruction, formation of hernias and curvature.
The main causes of disease
The fact that osteochondrosis is a disease that is "younger". This condition is more common among those aged 18 to 30 years, whereas earlier the norm was considered cases from 40. The reasons for this are the following:
- violation of posture, the presence of spinal curvature type of scoliosis, lordosis or kyphosis;
- overweight, obesity;
- a back injury;
- violation of metabolism, low metabolism;
- heavy physical labor;
- inactivity, sedentary lifestyle;
- weak physical training;
- nervous exhaustion, stress;
- failure to comply with hygiene training in athletes;
- abrupt cessation training;
- infectious diseases;
Osteochondrosis, in essence, is the result of muscle, muscle spasm ultimately restricts mobility of the cervical, disturbs blood circulation, intensifies blood supply of bone and muscle tissue that triggers the development of degenerative processes in the discs and vertebrae, there is a narrowing of intervertebral holes. As a result, compressed nerve roots and loss of sensation.
Cervical degenerative disc disease symptoms
Cervical degenerative disc disease symptoms has varied. However, the majority manifested degenerative disc disease affects the circulatory system. In the cervical region there are many blood vessels that nourish the brain. Therefore, the risk of osteoarthritis associated with a poor supply of head organs, especially the brain, blood. What are the signs of degenerative disc disease of the cervical will be expressed, affects the segment that suffered defeat. Therefore, there are the following symptoms of cervical degenerative disc disease:
- radicular syndromes;
- dramatically syndrome;
- irritative-reflex syndromes;
- vertebral artery syndrome;
- compression of the spinal cord.
What are the symptoms in cervical osteochondrosis in the case that the characteristic radicular syndrome? Radicular syndrome in medicine is called cervical radiculitis caused by pinched nerve in the neck Department. Pain occur in the neck, moving down to the area of the blades, can further lower the shoulder and forearm down to the fingers. Typical signs of cervical degenerative disc disease in this case experience tingling, burning sensation, pasty, numbness of the hands, forearms or fingers.
The symptoms of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine will be different, their difference will be affected by which segment got under defeat disease. In the case that struck the Central nerve and its roots, the pastose will be the average, index and big fingers. If the affected were the roots of the brachial nerve, then pastose will pinkie and ring finger. Osteochondrosis cervical spine the symptoms will be following with irritative-reflex syndrome. The main feature will be the presence of sharp, intense, burning pain in the neck or in the neck. The pain has a tendency to increase with movement or exertion especially sharply it is felt after the static state. For example, after sleep, by careless turning of the head, after sleep. Cervical thoracic osteochondrosis symptoms is similar, since the development of this syndrome, the pain is transferred to the chest. It is diagnosed if the affected area is not limited to the neck, and passes on the segments of the breast. Cervical thoracic osteochondrosis symptoms shows more of the spectrum, the most basic of them is the malfunction of the internal organs.
Vertebral artery syndrome — aggravation of cervical degenerative disc disease symptoms while manifest themselves very intensely and are in a strong, searing pain. The characteristic throbbing pain in the temples, the presence of strong headaches that particularly affect the parietal part of the head, fronte region. The pain is chronic, constant, but sometimes capture cases of paroxysmal pain. Aggravation of degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine the symptoms expressed in the form of increasing pain. This happens after being in uncomfortable positions at sharp movements, serious physical exertion. Aggravation threatens auditory disorders – disorder of the vestibular system, one's experience of tinnitus and hearing loss. Frequent eye problems. Osteochondrosis of the cervical symptoms when drastic syndrome. For a dramatic syndrome characterized by severe angina. It makes it difficult to identify the primary disease – osteoarthritis. Diagnosis "osteochondrosis of the cervical spine" is often done of late, as I try to diagnose angina and to treat it, it threatens the transition of osteochondrosis in the chronic form.
The phenomenon of pain provoked by compression of the spine in the lower segments of the cervical region, which is a reflex response. Dramatically syndrome can show itself in cases where annoyed the roots of the pectoral muscle or the phrenic nerve. Osteochondrosis cervical spine the cardinal symptoms in the syndrome can manifest in the form of tachycardia, arrythmia. There are cases when osteochondrosis of the cervical and hypertension also occur together. Similarly exhibits the symptoms of cervical thoracic osteochondrosis treatment it does not always work out timely, as the doctors initially diagnosed cardiovascular disease and not degenerative disc disease.
Cervical degenerative disc disease symptoms and treatment
From the predominance of certain symptoms is diagnosed with a specific syndrome on the basis of this is already treatment. The treatment is carried out in two ways: either radical that involves surgery or conservative treatment. In those cases, if conservative treatment has not given results, is assigned the indication for surgery. Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is eliminated by the following methods:
- manual therapy;
- massages, physiotherapy procedures;
- reflexology – acupuncture;
- medication treatment of pills;
- water procedures;
- traditional methods of treatment;
- courses physical therapy, and Wellness gym.
Cervical degenerative disc disease symptoms treatment pills
Usually medication is assigned in cases where symptoms include strong pain. In fact, pills are not a panacea for the causes of pain – the degenerative disc disease. Also pills are prescribed in that case, if the temperature in osteochondrosis of the cervical increased. This symptom indicates the presence of inflammation in the body, inflammation of tissues and nerves need to be addressed.
Cervical degenerative disc disease, symptoms, treatment and exercises
An efficient and affordable method of treatment is considered complex physical therapy procedures and physical exercises. Exercises aim to increase the flexibility of the cervical, increase inter discus distance, to strengthen a muscular corset that would protect the column of the spine from injuries. Also gymnastics and of exercises are very effective in establishing the circulatory system, it not only contributes to the nutrition of bone tissue, but also allows you to normalize the blood flow to the brain. The main thing – to do the exercises under the supervision of a physician.
Cervical degenerative disc disease, the symptoms and treatment surgery
In case if conservative treatment does not yield results, surgery will be scheduled. It involves removing of spikes, arches and ligaments, as well as hernia repair that fell in the canal of the spine. After this procedure, there are cases of the General instability of the cervical. After surgery the patient is assigned a special support collar, which stabilizes the weak neck and temporarily support it.
As a rule, if to diagnose the disease, to hold strict doctor's recommendations and do a comprehensive conservative treatment, low back pain significantly adjusted, in many cases, there is a picture of a full recovery.