The symptoms and treatment of cervical degenerative disc disease: exercise and prevention in the home

the girl shows the neck with Sauron back

Modern realities have an impact on human health is not the best way. Unhealthy lifestyle, the hard working conditions lead to a number of health disorders in person. Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine – a disease of white-collar, ranked 5th in the world in the number of people suffering from this disease.

What is cervical degenerative disc disease and how dangerous it is?

Under the degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine is necessary to understand the progressive dystrophic-degenerative lesions of intervertebral discs (the area between the 1st and 7th vertebra). The result of this disease is the deformation, and depletion with the subsequent defeat of the vertebral body. The disease of the spine can have multiple stages, so it is important to recognize the disease in the initial stages.

The compression of the nerve roots of the spine and blood vessels may lead to circulatory disorders of the brain. The running condition may even lead to stroke. It suffers from the heart and vessels, and for years to deal with the pressure, and be guilty of the cervical osteochondrosis.

The reasons for the development of the disease

There are many factors that lead to degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine:

  • sedentary lifestyle;
  • weight;
  • the trauma of the spine;
  • strain posture, constant tension back and neck;
  • improper diet;
  • physical activity;
  • stress and nervous disorders;
  • heredity;
  • infectious diseases;
  • the individual characteristics of the body structure;
  • the change in the circulation of the cervical spine.

Symptoms and signs of osteoarthritis

The danger of the disease cervical degenerative disc disease is associated with absence of symptoms at the initial stage. When the pain is often the patient uses analgesics, which is very misleading because the process of development of osteochondrosis of the cervical running, and correct diagnosis followed by treatment is very late for successful treatment.

First of all, you need to pay attention to the presence of the main symptoms manifestations of cervical osteochondrosis:

  1. Dizziness. You need to understand that this symptom may indicate the presence of other diseases. Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine dizziness manifests systemic, that is, the patient feels a constant movement of the surrounding objects.
  2. Headache. Is aching in nature with ripple, can be both permanent and paroxysmal.
  3. Localization of pain. Often patients with cervical osteochondrosis pain are observed at the turn of the head, neck, shoulders, in the limbs.
  4. Blood pressure. Combined with other symptoms (headache, tension and hand fatigue, stress and long standing in one position).
  5. Tinnitus and decreased vision.
  6. Weakness and fatigue of the body.
  7. Sleep disturbance and pain during sleep in the neck, in limbs, numbness.

Diagnosis of disease

With the existence of the above symptoms of cervical degenerative disc disease self-medication is strictly prohibited. Only a doctor can assess the condition and refer the patient for diagnosis and proper treatment. To determine the disease is recommended:

  • x-rays of the spine (cervical);
  • ECG;
  • MRI of the spine (cervical);
  • rheoencephalography.

Computed tomography

One of the accurate methods of diagnosing degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine is a CT (computed tomography). The procedure is carried out as intended, has no contraindications (limited by weight to 160 pounds). CT accurately reflects the condition of the spine, intervertebral disks, detects fractures, tumors, hernia and other inflammatory processes. The method is absolutely safe.

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging detects cervical osteochondrosis of the spine at a very early stage. The pictures clearly show nerve roots, their integrity, and their place of infringement, hernia and other pathology. Contraindication to MRI may be the presence of a pacemaker. It is undesirable in the 1st trimester of pregnancy. Through the picture, the doctor can prescribe treatment.

Radiography

X-rays of the cervical spine is performed in two projections and indicates at what distance are the vertebrae, the condition of the vertebrae, osteoporosis and space compaction of bone tissue, neoplastic processes, degenerative condition and other pathology of the spine.

Contraindications: pregnancy, body weight more than 180 kg, and mental disorders.

The stage of development of osteochondrosis

There are 4 main stages in the development of cervical osteochondrosis:

  • Stage 1 – pain, cracking when turning the neck, reduced mobility, headaches, sleep disturbance;
  • Stage 2 – the thinning of the intervertebral disc capsule, pinching the nerve endings and blood vessels;
  • Stage 3 – the appearance of protrusions and hernias, deformities of the vertebrae, resulting in dizziness, pain, disorders of movement coordination, impaired blood supply of the brain;
  • Stage 4 – persistent pain, possible neurological complications, loss of consciousness, impaired vision, and even paralysis.

Possible complications and consequences

If left untreated cervical osteochondrosis, it can lead to serious disorders of the spine and the whole body:

  • the work of the heart and blood vessels;
  • vision and hearing;
  • cerebral circulation;
  • vestibular apparatus;
  • the increase in pressure;
  • the appearance of hernias of the spine.

Treatment of cervical degenerative disc disease

Before you assign patient drug treatment in osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, the doctor will perform a full examination to detect the stage of the disease. Then the selected treatment for each individual case.

Mainly prescribe such drugs:

  • drugs relieving muscle spasms;
  • painkillers;
  • anti-inflammatory;
  • the complex of b vitamins;
  • stimulants recovery.

In case of advanced degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine can prescribe the injections. Often used for complex treatment and physiotherapy (electrophoresis, ultrasound, laser therapy, magnetic therapy).

First aid for acute pain

The first task is to eliminate the pain and muscle spasms. You need to go to the doctor, take the prescribed painkillers and anti-inflammatories and go to bed. After 4-5 days at least reduce the pain, can prescribe physical therapy. As a rule, appoint conservative treatment.

Medication

The mainstay of treatment of low back pain – taking medications:

  • analgesics;
  • antispasmodics;
  • anti-inflammatory drugs;
  • vasodilators;
  • chondroprotectors.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

NSAIDs are designed to relieve pain and inflammation. They are used in treatment of cervical osteochondrosis.

Muscle relaxants

There is an extensive list of muscle relaxants that are prescribed for the treatment of cervical degenerative disc disease. To apply them it is necessary only in case of severe pain, as they do not reduce inflammation.

Analgesics

Treatment painkillers can be in the form of tablets and injections. Also prescribe painkillers creams and gels.

Vitamins

In the treatment of the spine and cervical osteochondrosis necessarily in the list of drugs should include vitamins A, E and D. Vitamin affects the nervous system; vitamin D helps to absorb calcium; vitamins A and E are responsible for the condition of cartilage.

Physical therapy and exercise therapy

Lightweight non-durable exercises must be coordinated with the attending physician taking into account individual peculiarities of the patient, stage of the disease, osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, the presence of other abnormalities in the body. The exercises last approximately 15-20 minutes each day. The complex of exercises it is better to find a way to do both at home and at work.

Therapeutic exercises can quickly and efficiently to give a positive result when the disease. Most importantly, the patient did not experience pain and discomfort during any movement.

Basic exercises for physical therapy:

  • in a sitting position with straight back, gently rotate the head to the left to the right, then bounce on the up-and down movements;
  • with his hand on his forehead gently to tilt your head forward, while providing little resistance to the head;
  • lying on his stomach turn head left-right so that his ear touched the floor;
  • to take a vertical position and to raise the shoulders, hold for a few seconds. Repeat a few times.

Balneotherapy

In the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis great is the impact of balneotherapy (healing with mineral water and mud). For rehabilitation, these procedures help active natural ingredients to penetrate the skin and affect the nerve endings. Treatments relieve pain, improve circulation and permanently fix a positive treatment effect.

Electrophoresis

Electrophoresis refers to the combined methods of physiotherapy. It is administered in combination to the basic treatment for severe pain. Electrophoresis is performed by application of procaine, and administered up to 10 treatments.

Acupuncture

Every human body has its point on the skin of the body. Influencing these points, it is possible to control the whole body. Acupuncture in cervical osteochondrosis stimulates blood flow to brain, relieve dizziness, pain, and General malaise. It is an effective treatment that helps to restore health and strength.

Ultrasound therapy

Ultrasound with the introduction of medicinal substances into the skin (phonophoresis) has on the human body positive influence and gives a nice effect on the background of the basic treatment:

  • reduces swelling;
  • relieves spasms, massaging the muscles;
  • increases blood flow to the places to which it is directed.

Treatment of folk remedies

In the treatment of cervical degenerative disc disease of the spine using various folk methods of relieving pain and inflammation:

  • compresses;
  • rubbing;
  • hirudotherapy (treatment with leeches).

Therapeutic massage

An important condition for massage in osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is caution. The patient can perform a massage at home, but before that you need to consult a doctor based on the individual characteristics of the stage of disease of the spine. But we do not recommend massage to my patients!

The patient takes a comfortable horizontal position, sometimes allowed to be seated. Start the massage with a healthy back and gradually, flowing, relaxing movements move to the affected area. Pay great attention to the neck area, the neck. Gradually relaxing from stroking turn to rubbing and Pat. Use rubbing means to increase blood flow and relieve pain.

To prevent the development of osteoarthritis

With the help of preventive measures can prevent or reduce the factors that develop the disease.

The most important thing is the right and healthy lifestyle, i.e., low physical activity, a balanced diet, exercises. Very effective at helping to prevent the development of degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine for regular swimming and yoga. Do not forget about comfortable sleep with orthopedic mattress and pillows. With a long stay in one position definitely to do a small workout. To avoid stress and fatigue. More walk in the fresh air.

Diet and nutrition osteochondrosis

Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is very important to follow a proper diet, which should provide the necessary micronutrients cartilage. Such substances are gelatin (natural cartilage). It is located in the jelly, aspic fish, meat jelly and fruit jelly. You need to drink up to 2 liters of water a day. The main menu should be protein foods. Eliminate soda, coffee, sorrel, grapes, alcohol, soups.