A cross... a cross..., constant heaviness and the inability to straighten up. When comes the pain and no strength left to endure, you should think about the cause. Problems in the lumbar spine is the main prerequisite for the development of a number of diseases.
In this article, we will consider such issues as:
- Why low back pain develops and how to fight it;
- How to eliminate pain and avoid traumatic operations;
- Why and how to use the resources of the spine.
Factors that cause lumbar pain, a lot, consider the most common.
Uneven load distribution
Osteochondrosis – one of the types of "punishment for the upright". This disease among species is striking in person. Walking on two legs gives a specific load on the spine and muscles that support it. Attention! The maximum voltage of the lumbosacral experiencing while sitting. If the torso leans forward, as, for example, sedentary work, stress becomes even stronger. As modern people often, most of the time spends sitting, the disease has become very common. Often the pathology of the affected office and scientific workers as well as students.
Lack of exercise – lack of exercise
Another problem is the lack of sufficient movement. Accessible public and private transport, sedentary work – all this leads to an incorrect load on the lumbar spine. In addition to that, you cannot strengthen muscles that support the spine. Sitting position gives an increased load on the lumbosacral spine. This deforms the cartilage tissue becomes the cause of lumbar osteochondrosis.
Under intense and physically heavy work, the load on the spine becomes excessive. The same effect contribute to long-term exercise. Particularly badly affected are the lumbar spine of professional athletes and dancers. Too high a load on the spine leads to abrasion of the intervertebral discs. Injuries during class contribute to the formation of herniated discs. Among those who like to keep fit, risk group are people who practice Jogging. Most often, a resident of the city runs on hard and "nephrogenesis" asphalt surface. This leads to a lack of cushioning and additional injury of the lumbosacral spine.
Problems with posture
Perfect posture is rare and a sedentary lifestyle is not conducive to its formation. Because of this, the load is distributed incorrectly on the spine, suffer cartilaginous discs. The cervical spine also suffers from poor posture. The most pronounced disturbance of posture becomes with age. The elderly are at risk.
Congenital and acquired pathology of the musculoskeletal system
There are many diseases, including genetic, that make the back vulnerable. Genetic predisposition may lead to increased fragility of the cartilage. Osteochondrosis of the lumbosacral spine in addition this may be a result of back injuries. Among the infectious diseases, most often, harm the vertebral column tuberculosis, and osteomyelitis.
The flattened arch of the foot leads to a violation of the depreciation of the lumbar spine. Load, which cannot take foot, compensate for the intervertebral discs. This leads to their rapid wear, and subsequent osteoarthritis.
Whatever the causes of excess weight, they leads to an increased load on the spine. According to statistics, overweight people suffer from osteoarthritis more often than others.
All processes in the body are interrelated. A breach in one system entails a variety of other pathologies. A couple of decades ago, the pain and discomfort in the lower back was considered a problem only of older people, but now the situation has changed significantly. The risk of developing osteoarthritis affects people with diseases of the endocrine and cardiovascular systems. Some chronic inflammatory diseases, over time, begin to affect the cartilage and bone. A healthy lifestyle is the best prevention of any chronic disease. The modern man often leads a sedentary life but eat right. Bad habits additionally weaken the body. High level of stress in modern life is another factor of vulnerability of the body. The result is an increased risk of developing lumbar degenerative disc disease.
Signs and symptoms
The main symptom of osteoarthritis is expressed by lumbar pain. Patients with this condition often report fatigue and headaches. Severe pain does not normally sleep in a comfortable position, which contributes to fatigue. Often patients complain of discomfort and pain in the kidneys. Osteochondrosis may be accompanied by violation of urine output. The weakening of the muscles leads to a shift of the internal organs of the pelvic area. Frequent companion of degenerative disc disease of the lumbosacral women are uterine prolapse and displacement of the ovaries. Men may experience reduced potency and erection deterioration. To diagnose the disease, doctors turn to the instrumental research and diagnostic criteria.
In osteochondrosis, the vertebrae become unstable relative to each other. The disks between them become thinner. The result is a compression of spinal roots during loading. Lumbar pain is very sharp and may radiate to the thigh, buttocks, leg and foot. Characteristic is the change of position of the body when walking. If pain man walks, leaning in the opposite direction from the disadvantaged side of the spine. The pain can be so severe that entails the sweat and chills. Prolonged root compression impaired sensitivity of the limb. Muscles and skin can numbing. Numbness often is accompanied by tingling.
In addition to the roots, the pressure exposed blood vessels. Initially, this syndrome occurs intermittently, but, over time, becomes a constant companion of the sick. A characteristic symptom of this lesion is the so-called "intermittent claudication". It forces the person to walk slowly and to stop frequently to rest.
Pain and circulatory disorders cause deformation of the axial skeleton. This leads to violation of posture, which on the principle of vicious circle aggravates the disease. The muscles that support the spine, are weakened even more. Later in the pathological process gradually involves all the departments of the musculoskeletal system of the body.
Pain syndrome of lumbar osteochondrosis
Pain is the first symptom of the disease. Without treatment, the intensity and frequency of pain increases. At the initial stage of osteoarthritis, pain occurs during exercise and is strictly in the lower back. Often lumbar pain is weak, but constant. The longer the illness the more pain. When severe, the pain may occur even with a small load, which gives a cough.
Stage and extent of disease
Lumbar osteochondrosis – a disease that does not spontaneously and without treatment progresses slowly. In this disease there are four stages of course. Respectively, called the degree of degenerative disc disease.
Fibrous the lumbar intervertebral disc is injured, it cracks. Deforming changes at this stage is insignificant. Often there are complaints of pain not just lower back, but in the heart. The pain occurs on the background of sharp movements and heavy loads.
Lumbar cartilage at this stage is destroyed normally. The distance between the vertebrae becomes smaller, this leads to pinched nerve roots. The vertebrae are shifted relative to each other, this causes pain. Unpleasant sensations in the back are pronounced. The pain takes the form of seizures, which are accompanied by sweating and subsequent chill.
There is a rupture of lumbar intervertebral disc hernia is formed. Highly compressed blood vessels and nerve endings. The spine is markedly deformed, which leads to disruption of the arrangement and functioning of internal organs.
The fourth degree
This is the most severe stage of osteoarthritis of the lumbosacral spine. Movement is difficult due to strong and irreversible deformation of the spine. Pain can purchase of a minor character, but this improvement is spurious. This stage of the disease leads to permanent disability.
The displacement of the pelvic organs leads to abnormalities of urination and problems with the reproductive organs. For women, in particular, is fraught with aggravation of the disease during pregnancy. On the background of compression of blood vessels and impaired blood flow may develop compression-vascular ischemia. If her symptoms are greatly aggravated by any movement. Frequent protrusion of the intervertebral discs – they are bulging outside of the vertebrae. This condition further leads to the formation of intervertebral hernias. Another satellite of osteoarthritis – the spondylosis and spondylosis. When these complications, the vertebrae appear bone growth, in which the only effective surgical treatment. Patients lumbosacral osteochondrosis often suffer from paresis of the feet. The violation of innervation leads to loss of sensitivity and mobility in the region of the foot.
Without proper and timely treatment, lumbar degenerative disc disease will progress. This ultimately can lead to severe disability. Therefore, it is very important time to begin conservative treatment of the disease.
Massage in osteochondrosis
Massage of the lumbosacral occurs only in the absence of severe pain and exacerbation of the disease. This method allows to improve blood circulation in the lumbar region and relieve the spine. To perform it can only be prepared by an expert and strictly in the absence of contraindications. Massage course can not be less than seven procedures, only in this case the effect. It is important to remember that massage is one of the components of treatment and not a full replacement.
Therapy shows high efficacy in the treatment of disease and restoration of health. This is one of the most common methods of physical therapy. When the loads should take into account the physical fitness of a person. Physiotherapy in the initial stages always contains only small and gentle load. If increased pain, during the transition to more challenging exercises that reduce the load. Physical therapy requires careful attention to body position during the exercises. To reduce the load on the back under the lower leg of a lying patient puts a special roller. When unexpressed pain, workout start with a daily light charge:
- Slow tensing and relaxing of the abdominal muscles;
- Flexion and extension of the fingers and toes;
- Slow raising of the hands stretched along the body;
- Bending and straightening the legs at the knees while resting the feet on a firm surface in the supine position;
- Breathing exercises.
So even simple exercises performed strictly after consultation and coaching with a specialist. If the attending physician believes it is possible to transition to more serious loads, can be performed the following exercises:
- Flexion and extension of foot ankle from lying position;
- From the prone position, a sliding motion, pull the heel to the buttock;
- The slow ascents of the pelvis with knees bent feet;
- Bending forward from a standing position or lying down; however, you must try to touch the breast legs.
Such exercises cannot be conducted during exacerbations. Physical therapy helps to restore function of the spine and strengthen its supporting muscle groups. This reduces the risk of complications and improves mobility.
Massager for back
Massagers for back combine the advantages of physical therapy and massage. An important feature is the possibility of self-application even at home. A method of treatment of the disease gives the opportunity to relax and stimulate muscles. Massagers improve blood flow to the lower back and help relieve inflammation. Wooden massagers have established ourselves as one of the best tools for self massage. It is an economical, environmentally friendly and effective means of dealing with osteochondrosis of the lumbosacral spine. Smooth or acupuncture bolsters provide improvement of blood circulation and at the same time has a beneficial effect on nerve endings. Constant and regular exercises with the massager significantly improve health and alleviate disease. Massager affects the musculoskeletal system is complex, which increases the effectiveness of therapy.
The result of its use is:
- The restoration of the spine;
- Reducing degenerative changes in the tissues;
- Improve its flexibility;
- Normalization of blood circulation in affected areas of the lower back;
- The improvement of metabolism;
- Activation beneficial metabolic processes in the body;
- Reduction and removal of pain syndromes of lumbar osteochondrosis.
Some people prefer to treat the lumbar spine to use folk remedies. This approach can be used only in conjunction with the methods of classical medicine. The use of natural herbs and oils can lead to pain relief in the lower back. Use external treatments: compresses, rubbing and baths. For General therapy using infusions and decoctions of herbs that are useful for musculoskeletal system. It is important to remember that people's treatment should not be used as the primary measures of therapy. It does not lead to a complete deliverance from disease and can only reduce symptoms.
Pills, ointments and injections is one of the main methods of treatment of osteochondrosis. Preparations have the following actions:
- Reduce the pain;
- Reduction of inflammation;
- Spasms of the muscle tissue;
- The regeneration of cartilage tissue.
Particularly during exacerbations, are used anti-inflammatory drugs. Remember! Other drugs may be conducted strictly according to doctor's recommendations. Without proper indications of treatment may hurt instead of healing to lead to complications.
Prevention of lumbar osteochondrosis
What to look for, how to treat the disease, it is better to prevent it. The most important thing in the prevention of low back pain – maintaining a proper load on the spine. It is important for as long as possible to be physiologically useful provisions. Excess weight, another risk factor, when it is necessary to stick to a diet. It is necessary to protect the spine from injury: do not do heavy and traumatic sport, with the hard work – to comply with safety regulations. Any inflammatory disease of the time and finally propeciathis from the experts. It is important to monitor the weight and body posture in sedentary lifestyle – lack of exercise to adjust the exercise. People with a hereditary tendency to diseases of the musculoskeletal system should be regularly tested by a doctor. Good effect is given swimming lessons and the regular massaging of the back. Massager will not only help in the treatment of osteoarthritis, but also to prevent its development. The small size and ease of use make massage available anytime and anywhere.
Do in the army
The diagnosis of "Lumbar fusion" is not a guarantee of exemption from military service. The first and second stages of the disease lead to the group date B — that is, a person fit for duty with minor limitations. But the third and fourth degree are serious contraindications to the performance of military service. While recruits are assigned to group shelf "b" or "G". In group "b" (often given in the third degree) a person is exempt from service in peacetime. Group "G" is given typically in the fourth, invalidusername degree of degenerative disc disease. It makes a person totally unfit for service in the army, even in terms of military action. With wishes of health!